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To: Horseshoe Bend National Military Park

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Alabama Recreation

Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Alabama


On the morning of 27 March 1814, General Andrew Jackson and an army of 3,300 men consisting of Tennessee militia, United States regulars and both Cherokee and Lower Creek allies attacked Chief Menawa and 1,000 Upper Creek or Red Stick warriors fortified in the "horseshoe" bend of the Tallapoosa River. To seal off the bend of the river, the Upper Creeks built an incredibly strong 400 yard long barricade made of dirt and logs. As the Cherokee and Lower Creek warriors swam the Tallapoosa and attacked from the rear, Jackson launched the militia and regular soldiers against the barricade. Facing overwhelming odds, the Red Sticks fought bravely yet ultimately lost the battle. Over 800 Upper Creeks died at Horseshoe Bend defending their homeland. This was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14, which is considered part of the War of 1812. In a peace treaty signed after the battle, both the Upper and Lower Creeks were forced to give the United States nearly 20 million acres of land in what is today Alabama and Georgia. The victory here brought Andrew Jackson national attention and helped him to be elected the seventh President of the United States in 1828. This 2,040-acre park preserves the site of the battle.



  

Directions:Plane - The nearest commerical airports are located in Montgomery, AL (65 miles), Birmingham, AL (85 miles) or Atlanta, GA (110 miles).


Car - The park is located in east central Alabama, on State Highway 49, 12 miles north of the town of Dadeville, between the towns of Dadeville and New Site. Signs along U.S. Highway 280 and State Road 22 direct motorist to the park.


Public Transportation - The park is accessible only by personal vehicle or tour buses via state roads.



  

Contact:

National Park Service
11288 Horseshoe Bend Road Daviston,  AL  36256-9751 Phone: Visitor Information 256-234-7111
Headquarters 256-234-7111
Email: HOBE_Administration@nps.gov

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